A breast implant is a prosthesis used to alter a person’s breast size, shape, and contour. Breast implants can be inserted during reconstructive plastic surgery to restore a natural-looking breast after a mastectomy, to treat congenital chest wall abnormalities and malformations, or to enhance the breast’s appearance cosmetically through breast augmentation surgery.

Here are four general types of breast implants, defined by their filler material: saline solution, silicone gel, structured and composite filler. The saline implant has an elastomer silicone shell filled with sterile saline solution during surgery; the silicone implant has an elastomer silicone shell pre-filled with viscous silicone gel; structured implants use nested elastomer silicone shells and two saline filled lumen; and the alternative composition implants featured miscellaneous fillers, such as soy oil or polypropylene string.

There are three objectives of a mammoplasty operation for the implantation of breast implant devices:

Recent studies have shown that in individuals undergoing breast cancer treatment, mammograms shouldn’t be performed more frequently than is usual surgery, such as breast augmentation, breast reduction, mastopexy, and breast implant

  • The main goal of augmentation is to cosmetically improve the breasts’ size, shape, and sensation.
  • Primary reconstruction: the replacement of breast tissues lost due to disease (breast cancer), trauma (blunt, piercing blast), and improper anatomic development (tuberous breast deformity).
  • Revision and reconstruction: the process of changing (improving) the results of a prior breast reconstruction operation.

The process used, the type of incisions made, the breast implant (type and materials), and the location of the implant pocket in the pectoral region all affect how long an operation takes in the operating room (OR).


The plastic surgery operation used to reduce the size of big breasts is known as reduction mammoplasty (also known as breast reduction and reduction mammaplasty). The tissue viability of the nipple-areola complex (NAC), to assure the functional sensitivity and lactational potential of the breasts, is a crucial corrective concern in breast reduction surgery for re-establishing a functional bust that is proportionate to the woman’s physique. Physical, cosmetic, and psychological reasons for getting breast reduction surgery include regaining a woman’s bust, her sense of self, and her mental health.

In addition to causing secondary health issues like poor blood flow, difficulty breathing (inability to fill the lungs with air), chafing of the chest and lower breast, brassière-strap indentations to the shoulders, and the improper fit of clothing, a woman with macromastia has heavy, enlarged breasts that sag and cause her chronic pain in the head, neck, shoulders, and back.

Medical treatment for breast hypertrophy (macromastia and gigantomastia) is ineffective, although an overweight woman’s weight-loss program can help with some of the excessive size and volume of her unnaturally enlarged breasts.

 In some cases, physical therapy might help with shoulder, back, or neck pain. Skin care will minimize bleeding, chafing, infection, and other symptoms brought on by moisture, such as breast crease inflammation.

Traditional surgical procedures for breast reduction remodel the breast mound using a skin and glandular (breast tissue) pedicle (inferior, superior, central), and then trim and re-drape the skin envelope into a new breast of natural size, shape, and contour.